"Paediatric population" can be applied to patients in a broad age range, including all those between birth and 18yrs of age. The paediatric population can be divided into 3 subcategories:
This is based on the developmental changes that occur from birth through childhood. The goals of the paediatric eye and vision examination include:
Early detection, and intervention is especially important in children because of the rapid development of the visual system in early childhood and the sensitivity to interference. Disorders such as amblyopia ("lazy eye") and strabismus ("squint") if undetected the long term consequences can be serious in terms of quality of life, comfort, appearance and career opportunities.